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Details for Heart Surgery India,Bypass Heart Surgery in India

Description:Heart bypass surgery india

The heart pumps blood for the entire body but still depends on a series of blood vessels called the coronary arteries for its own blood supply. If the arteries become severely blocked, a condition known as coronary artery disease, oxygen does not reach the heart muscle and damage occurs.

Minimially invasive heart bypasses surgery or is a minimally invasive approach to conventional Bypass Surgery, used for the correction of coronary heart disease. It is also referred to as "keyhole" heart surgery The procedure is done on the beating heart, and thus a heart-lung machine is not required, as the heart is not made to stop pumping.

The surgery is performed by making a small, two to three inch incision on the left side of the chest. The surgeon then removes the internal mammary artery from the chest either directly or using day Vinci robotic system.

This harvested internal mammary artery is then stitched to the coronary arteries. Nowadays, most heart doctors are preferring this option as this is a much faster and a more advanced procedure. In this procedure, lesser chances of complications arise, as the heart is not stopped.

The incisions made are much smaller in length and therefore the surgery is less elaborate, recovery time is lesser and that the patient can be back to normal activities much faster than a full-fledged grafting surgery.

Surgical Treatment

During traditional heart valve surgery, a surgeon will make an incision down the center of your breastbone to get direct access to your heart. The surgeon then repairs or replaces your abnormal heart valve or valves.

What happens during the heart surgery?

A general anesthesia is the most common form used. An incision is made down the center of the chest and the sternum must then be sawed through. The heart is cooled with very cold saltwater and the arteries are injected with a preservative to minimize damage from lessened blood-flow during surgery.

The aorta is clamped off and blood is oxygenated with a heart-lung machine. A vein segment, usually from the saphenous vein in the leg, is attached to the coronary blood vessels beyond the blockage and to the aorta so that blood can literally bypass the blockage.

The sternum is then wired together and the chest is sewn closed. The heart valve replacement surgery normally takes a matter of hours.
Coronary artery bypass grafting restores blood flow to the heart muscle by adding a bypass graft (vein or artery) to bypass the blocked area. This surgery is usually done through an incision down the middle of the breastbone, called a median sternotomy, but can occasionally be done through an incision below the nipple on the left side, called a thoracotomy.

After Surgery :

If the procedure was done "on pump," electric shocks start the heart pumping again after the grafts have been completed. The heart-lung machine is turned off and the blood slowly returns to normal. Pacing wires and a chest tube to drain fluid are placed before the sternum is closed surgically with special sternal wires and the chest with special internal or traditional external stitches. Sometimes a temporary pacemaker is attached to the pacing wires to regulate the heart rhythm until your condition improves.

The patient is transferred to an intensive care unit for close monitoring for about one to two days after the surgery. The monitoring during recovery includes frequent checks of vital signs and other parameters, such as heart sounds and blood work. Once the patient is transferred to the nursing unit, the hospital stay is about 3 to 5 more days
Category:Health: Diseases and Conditions
Added:December 07, 2012 11:30:09 AM
Preview:Heart Surgery India,Bypass Heart Surgery in India

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